UTCS Colloquium/AIRobin R. Murphy-/Texas A&M University: "Remote Presence: Autonomy Can Be Shared (or Blamed)," ACES 2.302, Friday, December 4, 2009, 11:00 a.m.

Contact Name: 
Jenna Whitney
Date: 
Dec 4, 2009 11:00am - 12:00pm

There is a sign-up schedule for this event that can be found at
http://www.cs.utexas.edu/department/webevent/u

tcs/events/cgi/list_events.cgi

Type of Talk: UTCS Colloqui

um/AI

Speaker/ Affiliation: Robin R. Murphy/Texas A&M Uni

versity

Date/Time: Friday, December 4, 2009, 11:00 a.m.

Location: ACES 2.302

Host: Peter Stone

Talk Title: Remote Presence: Autonomy Can Be Shared (or Blamed)

Talk Abstract:
This talk describes a spectrum of three models ofteleoperation for remote presence applications, such as
emergency
response, law enforcement, and military operations
in urban terrain

, where humans use a robot to obtain
real-time perception at a distan

ce. These enterprises are
treated as joint cognitive systems and exami

ned in terms of
roles, information flow, and team processes. The sta

te of the
practice, where the robot has no autonomy, is captured by

the
Remote Tool Model. The Taskable Agent Model, where the robot
has full autonomy and human involvement is negligible
represents the

other extreme of the spectrum but is not a
desirable goal for remote p

resence applications. A third
novel model occupying the space between

the two extremes is
posited, the Shared Roles Model, which incorpora

tes
semi-autonomy and increased communications connectivity.
Shar

ed roles provide a naturalistic, explicit representation
of the requi

site responsibilities and whether the division of
functions between th

e robot and human conserves those
responsibilities. The talk discusses
whether advances in
technology will obviate the Shared Roles Model,

what the
model implies about the human-robot ratio and whether the
ratio can be reduced by merging roles, and identifies open
research
issues in team processes.

Speaker Bio:
Robin Roberson Murp

hy is the Raytheon Professor of Computer
Science and Engineering at Te

xas A&M. She received a B.M.E.
in mechanical engineering, a M.S.
and Ph.D in computer
science in 1980, 1989, and 1992, respectively

, from Georgia
Tech, where she was a Rockwell International Doctoral
Fellow.
Her research interests are artificial intelligence,
hum

an-robot interaction, and heterogeneous teams of robots.
In 2008, sh

e was awarded the Al Aube Outstanding Contributor
award by the AUVSI F

oundation for her insertion of ground,
air, and sea robots for urban
search and rescue (US&R) at the
9/11 World Trade Center disaster

, Hurricanes Katrina and
Charley, and the Crandall Canyon Utah mine

collapse. She is a
Distinguished Speaker for the IEEE Robotics and Aut

omation
Society, and has served on numerous boards, including the
Defense Science Board, USAF SAB, NSF CISE Advisory Council,
and

DARPA ISAT.