Schema Acquisition from One Example: Psychological Evidence for Explanation-Based Learning (1987)
W. Ahn, Raymond J. Mooney, W.F. Brewer and G.F. DeJong
Recent explanation-based learning (EBL) models in AI allow a computer program to learn a schema by analyzing a single example. For example, GENESIS is an EBL system which learns a plan schema from a single specific instance presented in a narrative. Previous learning models in both AI and psychology have required multiple examples. This paper presents experimental evidence that people can learn a plan schema from a single narrative and that the learned schema agrees with that predicted by EBL. This evidence suggests that GENESIS, originally constructed as a machine learning system, can be interpreted as a psychological model of learning a complex schema from a single example.
In Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 50-57, Seattle, WA, July 1987.

Raymond J. Mooney Faculty mooney [at] cs utexas edu