Natural Language Processing With Modular PDP Networks And Distributed Lexicon (1991)
Risto Miikkulainen and Michael G. Dyer
An approach to connectionist natural language processing is proposed, which is based on hierarchically organized modular Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) networks and a central lexicon of distributed input/output representations. The modules communicate using these representations, which are global and publicly available in the system. The representations are developed automatically by all networks while they are learning their processing tasks. The resulting representations reflect the regularities in the subtasks, which facilitates robust processing in the face of noise and damage, supports improved generalization, and provides expectations about possible contexts. The lexicon can be extended by cloning new instances of the items, that is, by generating a number of items with known processing properties and distinct identities. This technique combinatorially increases the processing power of the system. The recurrent FGREP module, together with a central lexicon, is used as a basic building block in modeling higher level natural language tasks. A single module is used to form case-role representations of sentences from word-by-word sequential natural language input. A hierarchical organization of four recurrent FGREP modules (the DISPAR system) is trained to produce fully expanded paraphrases of script-based stories, where unmentioned events and role fillers are inferred.
Cognitive Science, Vol. 15 (1991), pp. 343-399.

Risto Miikkulainen Faculty risto [at] cs utexas edu
FGREPNET The FGREPNET package contains the C-code and data for training and testing an FGREP network in developing distributed re... 1994

PROC The PROC package contains the C-code and data for training and testing the story processing modules of the DISCERN syste... 1994