Project 3: Interactive Generation of Julia Sets and Subdivision Curves and Surfaces
CS354 Computer Graphics
Due: November 5, 11:59pm

Goal
In this project you will implement Julia sets and subdivision of curves and surfaces.

Project Specifications
Julia Sets:   Draw Julia sets for a bitmap of size say 200x200 pixels. Use the function f(z) = z2+ c, make arrangement to interactively set the value of c and the maximum number of iterations. Fix the "blowup parameter". Then for each pixel z = (x, y) from your bitmap do the following: repeatedly calculate f(z) each time making making f(z) as the new value of z (i.e. f(z), f(f(z)), ...). Stop when |f(z)| becomes larger than your "blowup parameter" or when you complete the maximum number of iterations. Now set the color of the point (x,y) according to the number of iterations you performed.

By increasing the maximum number of iterations you should get more accurate Julia sets. Grab the image of an interesting Julia set that you generated.

Quadratic Spline Curves: This should be specified by a sequence of control points entered using mouse clicks. There should be at
least three control points. On each line segment so formed, add two new control points such that the line segment is subdivided into three segments of equal length. For each previous control point, connect the two new control points closest to it on adjacent segments and obtain a new polyline or polygon as shown below. Repeatedly apply this subdivision rule on the new polyline/polygon until you obtain a smooth polyline/polygon display.

Smooth Surfaces: To generate smoothed 3D polyhedron, you should implement the classic Catmull-Clark recursive subdivision scheme covered in class. In addition, note that if you have extraordinary vertices in the quadrilateral mesh (a vertex is extraordinary if the number of vertices connected to it is not equal to four) then the given vertex rule does not apply. In this case, instead of weights 1/64, 3/32 and 9/16, use weights:  1/4n2, 3/2n2, and 1-3/2n-1/4n, where n is the number of vertices it is connected to.

Here are  some files of simple polyhedra that you can work with. Here is a note on the format followed in these files. Before you start doing sub-divisions, make sure you know how to display 3D polyhedra in OpenGL.

You should be able to display the result of the subdivision steps by using a key or the mouse, so that the change in the curve or surface is evident after every subdivision step. Furthermore, the user interface in your program should include a sub-menu which can toggle the drawing between Julia set, curve and surface cases. You may start the project using the programming structure of OpenGL and GLUI from the previous projects.

Questions Related to the Project (20% of the project score)
1. Why does the Julia set image become more and more accurate as the maximum number of iterations is increased?
2. Give one similarity and one difference between recursive subdivisions and fractals in the way they generate objects?
3. What are the limit shapes of the above curve and surface recursive subdivisions for a square, a rectangle and a cube?

What and how to submit
Your program should compile and run on the Taylor or Painter basement machines. Then submit the following files:

• Source code
• Executable
• Report
• Image of a Julia set
• Makefile
The README file should be a plain text file, it should clearly mention: your name, what the submitted files contain (e.g. which is the executable, which contain the source code etc.), how and on which machine(s) your program compiles and runs, and a short description of the user interface.

The report should also be a plain text file which should contain the answers to the above "Questions Related to the Project". In addition, if appropriate, you may also write about what  new ideas you came up with, what design decisions you took etc.; please keep such a  discussion short and to the point.

You should grab the image of an interesting Julia set you generated. You may do this by using  xv command on Taylor/Painter basement machines. Save it as gif or jpeg file. Here is a note on how to grab a window using xv.

Turnin your project to: rjkate cs354-project3
Here is a note on how to use turnin program.

OpenGl Reference book
Neider, Davis and Woo, "OpenGL Programming Guide" Second Edition, Addison-Wesley