The string ``
ACL2 !>'' is the ACL2 prompt.
The prompt tells the user that an ACL2 command is expected. In addition, the prompt tells us a little about the current state of the ACL2 command interpreter. We explain the prompt briefly below. But first we talk about the command interpreter.
An ACL2 command is generally a Lisp expression to be evaluated. There are
some unusual commands (such as :q for quitting ACL2) which
cause other behavior. But most commands are read, evaluated, and then have
their results printed. Thus, we call the command interpreter a
``read-eval-print loop.'' The ACL2 command interpreter is named
(after Lisp's ``load'').
When a command is read, all the symbols in it are converted to uppercase.
(defun app ...) is the same as typing
(DEFUN APP ...) or
(defun App ...). There are ways to force lowercase case characters into
symbols but we won't discuss them here. A consequence of Common Lisp's
default uppercasing is that you'll see a general lack of concern over the
case used when symbols are displayed in this documentation.
In addition, symbols ``belong'' to ``packages'' which give the user a way to
control namespaces. The prompt tells us which package is the default one,
"ACL2". That means when we call
car, for example, we are
invoking the standard definition of that symbol. If the packager were
car would refer to the definition of that symbol in
that package (which may or may not be different depending on what symbols
were imported into that package.
A command like (defun app (x y) ...) causes ACL2 to evaluate the
defun function on app, (x y) and .... When that
command is evaluated it prints some information to the terminal explaining
the processing of the proposed definition. It returns the symbol
its value, which is printed by the command interpreter. (Actually,
is not a function but a macro which expands to a form
state , a necessary precondition to printing
output to the terminal and to ``changing'' the set of axioms. But we do not
discuss this further here.)
defun command is an example of a special kind of command called an
``event.'' Events are those commands that change the ``logical
world'' by adding such things as axioms or theorems to ACL2's database.
See world . But not every command is an event command.
A command like (app '(1 2 3) '(4 5 6 7)) is an example of a non-event. It is processed the same general way: the function app is applied to the indicated arguments and the result is printed. The function app does not print anything and does not change the ``world.''
A third kind of command is one that display information about the current logical world or that ``roll back'' to previous versions of the world. Such commands are called ``history'' commands.
What does the ACL2 prompt tell us about the read-eval-print loop? The prompt
ACL2 !>'' tells us that the command will be read with
current-package set to
"ACL2", that guard checking
(see set-guard-checking ) is on (``
!''), and that we are at
the top-level (there is only one ``
>''). For more about the prompt,
see default-print-prompt .
You should now return to the Walking Tour.