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The Semantic Actions[slide by John Werth.]

Semantic actions refer to the elements of the production by a positional notation. $$ denotes the left side nonterminal. $n refers to the nth symbol on the right-hand side.

For example:

   expr : expr '+' term  { $$ = $1 + $3; }

The default action action is { $$ = $1; }. For this reason, we do not need to have an explicit action for

   expr : term