Problems in Understanding Language ...
- Incompleteness: The statement is usually only the bare
outline of the message. The missing parts must be filled in.
I was late for work today.
My car wouldn't start.
The battery was dead.
- Anaphora:[The singular is anaphor.]
Words that refer to others.
John loaned bill his bike.
- Metonymy: Using a word associated with
the intended concept.
The White House denied the report.
- Semantics: Understanding what was meant from what was said.
- Only differences from assumed knowledge are stated explicitly.
- Reasoning from general knowledge about the world is required
for correct understanding.
- A vast amount of world knowledge is needed.