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Quicksort Performance

Quicksort usually performs quite well; we want to avoid the O(n2) worst case and keep it at O(n · log(n)).

The choice of pivot is important; choosing the first element is a very bad choice if the array is almost sorted. Choosing the median of the first, middle, and last elements makes it very unlikely that we will get a bad choice.

IntroSort (``introspective sort'') changes from Quicksort to a different sort for some cases:

Quicksort is easily parallelized, and no synchronization is required: each subarray can be sorted independently.