CS 314 - Specification 5 - Linked Lists
Programming Assignment 5: Individual Assignment. You must complete this assignment on your own. You may not acquire from any source (e.g. another student or a web site) a partial or complete solution to a problem or project that has been assigned. You may not show another student your solution to an assignment. You may not have another person (current student, former student, tutor, friend, anyone) “walk you through” how to solve an assignment. You may get help from the instructional staff. You may discuss general ideas and approaches with other students but you may not develop code together. Review the class policy on collaboration from the syllabus.
The purpose of this assignment is to implement a linked list class that uses doubly linked nodes. Doubly linked nodes have references (pointers) to the next node in the list and back to the previous node in the list. This makes some things harder because there are more references (pointers) to set up. But, it makes a lot of things easier because it is possible to back up in the list without having to start over at the beginning, use the look ahead technique, or use a trailer node.
|Source Code||DoubleListNode.java (Alternatively you can add a nested class to the LinkedList class for the doubly linked nodes as demonstrated in lecture. None of the test cases reference the DoubleListNode class.)||Provided by me. Do not alter the stand alone class.|
|Source Code||IList.java Interface your LinkedList class implements.||Provided by me. Do not alter|
|Source Code||Stopwatch.java||Provided by me. Do not alter.|
|Implementation||LinkedList.java. Implementation of a doubly linked list.||Provided by you and me. (Okay, mostly you.)|
|Test code||LinkedListTester.java. Test harness. correct any tests that have errors. Ensure your LinkedList class passes the tests included and add more tests.||Provided by you and me.|
|Documentation||Javadoc files for DoubleListNode and IList.|
Draw pictures!! When completing methods and figuring out all the references that have to be updated and what the special cases are DRAW PICTURES of the linked structure. This is much easier than just looking at code and trying to figure out what must be done or why something does not work.
Also realize when you get an error in a test the cause is usually in another method. It is often the case that students make errors when adding or removing elements or changing the structure of the internal storage container (the linked structure of nodes), but the error does not show up until later on a test of toString.
Complete the LinkedList class. For this assignment you may
not use the
ArrayList classes from the Java standard library. You must
implement the underlying storage container as a doubly linked structure
DoubleListNode class. The
LinkedList are generic based on Java's generic syntax.
You may approach the implementation in many ways. (References to first and last node, circular list with only a link to the first node, use of header nodes that don't contain any data) The approach you take is up to you. Each has certain advantages and disadvantages.
In addition to implementing the methods
specified in the
IList interface you must add the
following methods to
LinkedList class. E is the data type variable. It will hold
what the data type is for the elements (thus the E) of a particular
void addFirst(E item) // add an item to the front of this LinkedList
void addLast(E item) // add an item to the end of this LinkedList
E removeFirst() // remove the first item in this LinkedList
E removeLast() // remove the first item in this LinkedList
toStringmethod. The data in the list should be listed between square brackets with a comma between each item and a single space after each comma. e.g. [A, B, C]
public String toString()
ILists are equal if they have the same number of elements in the same order.
public boolean equals(Object other).Two empty lists are equal regardless of the kinds of elements they store. (This is true in the Java standard library.)
provides some tests for the
LinkedList class. Some of these
tests may be incorrect. Find and fix any incorrect tests to ensure
your code . Your class must
pass these (corrected) tests. In your final submission delete the provided
tests. Add at least 3 tests of your own per method in
LinkedList class to the
Delete the provided tests. You may post the tests you write to the class class discussion group,
but in the end you must implement your own tests.
Note, most of my tests rely on your iterator method. If that is not working you will fail the tests. I strongly recommend you test your methods as you complete them by writing your own tests! Write a method, then test it. Write a method, then test it. DON'T do this: write a method, write a method, write a method, ... then test ...then debug, debug, debug, debug, debug, debug, debug, debug, debug, debug, debug, debug.
For every method in the
LinkedList class state the Big O
of the method if there are already N items in the list.
The methods for the iterator for your linked list shall all be O(1).
If a method has preconditions you must check those preconditions and throw an Exception if they are not met.
You can, of course, implement methods using other methods from the class. You should only do this if the version of a method that relies on other methods in the class is as efficient as not using other methods.
As always, use good style: comments for non obvious algorithms and operations, good variable names, use helper methods if necessary, make operations as efficient as possible given the constraints.
Experiments: It is interesting and important to know the difference in
behavior between linked lists and array based lists. When your
class is finished, run the comparison method from the
LinkedListTester class which performs a number
of tests with your
LinkedList and the Java
To run the method simply uncomment the line at the end of the main method in
LinkedListTester that calls the
comparison method. You are free to
change the initial value of N for the various tests in the
In a comment
at the top of your
LinkedListTester class indicate which operations are
faster when using your LinkedList, which are faster when using the Java
ArrayList class, and which ones are about the same.
(Realize the experiments use different starting values of N.)
For the operations tested via the experiment what do you think the Big O of each operation / method is based on the timing data? State your reasoning.
Submission: Fill in the header in the LinkedListTester.java and LinkedList.java files.. Replace <NAME> with your name. Note, you are stating, on your honor, that you did the assignment on your own.
Create a zip file name a5.zip with your LinkedListTester.java and LinkedList.java files. The
zip file must not contain any directory structure, just the required
See this page for instructions on how to create a zip via Eclipse.
Turn in a5.zip via your Canvas account to programming assignment 5.
Ensure you files are named LinkedListTester.java and LinkedList.java. Failure to do so will result in points off.
Ensure LinkedListTester.java and LinkedList.java are part of the default package. Do not
package statement to either file.
Ensure your zip has no internal directory structure. When the file is unzipped no directories (folders) are created. (Note, the built in unzip feature of some versions of Windows and Apple OS X "help" by adding a directory when you unzip with the same name as the file. The unzip we use on the CS Linux system does not do this. Neither do unzip programs such as 7zip.)
Ensure you submit the assignment under Programming Assignment 5 in Canvas.
Checklist. Did you remember to:
LinkedListclass states the Big O of the method in the method comment?
LinkedListpasses the tests in LinkedListTester.java and add your own tests?
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