Real-time Adaptive Tolling Scheme for Optimized Social Welfare in Traffic Networks (2017)
Connected and autonomous vehicle technology has advanced rapidly in recent years. These technologies create possibilities for advanced AI-based traffic management techniques. Developing such techniques is an important challenge and opportunity for the AI community as it requires synergy between experts in game theory, multiagent systems, behavioral science, and flow optimization. This paper takes a step in this direction by considering traffic flow optimization through setting and broadcasting of dynamic and adaptive tolls. Previous tolling schemes either were not adaptive in real-time, not scalable to large networks, or did not optimize traffic flow over an entire network. Moreover, previous schemes made strong assumptions on observable demands, road capacities and users homogeneity. This paper introduces Delta-tolling, a novel tolling scheme that is adaptive in real-time and able to scale to large networks. We provide theoretical evidence showing that under certain assumptions Delta-tolling is equal to Marginal-Cost Tolling, which provably leads to system-optimal, and empirical evidence showing that Delta-tolling increases social welfare (by up to 33%) in two traffic simulators with markedly different modeling assumptions.
In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS-2017), Sao Paulo, Brazil, May 2017.

Michael Albert Postdoctoral Alumni malbert [at] cs duke edu
Josiah Hanna Ph.D. Student jphanna [at] cs utexas edu
Guni Sharon Postdoctoral Fellow gunisharon [at] gmail com
Peter Stone Faculty pstone [at] cs utexas edu