Selective Visual Attention for Object Detection on a Legged Robot (2007)
Autonomous robots can use a variety of sensors, such as sonar, laser range finders, and bump sensors, to sense their environments. Visual information from an onboard camera can provide particularly rich sensor data. However, processing all the pixels in every image, even with simple operations, can be computationally taxing for robots equipped with cameras of reasonable resolution and frame rate. This paper presents a novel method for a legged robot equipped with a camera to use selective visual attention to efficiently recognize objects in its environment. The resulting attention-based approach is fully implemented and validated on an Aibo ERS-7. It effectively processes incoming images 50 times faster than a baseline approach, with no significant difference in the efficacy of its object detection.
In RoboCup-2006: Robot Soccer World Cup X, Gerhard Lakemeyer and Elizabeth Sklar and Domenico Sorenti and Tomoichi Takahashi (Eds.), Vol. 4434, pp. 158-170, Berlin 2007. Springer Verlag.

Peter Stone Faculty pstone [at] cs utexas edu
Daniel Stronger Ph.D. Alumni dan stronger [at] gmail com