Comparative Experiments on Disambiguating Word Senses: An Illustration of the Role of Bias in Machine Learning (1996)
This paper describes an experimental comparison of seven different learning algorithms on the problem of learning to disambiguate the meaning of a word from context. The algorithms tested include statistical, neural-network, decision-tree, rule-based, and case-based classification techniques. The specific problem tested involves disambiguating six senses of the word ``line'' using the words in the current and proceeding sentence as context. The statistical and neural-network methods perform the best on this particular problem and we discuss a potential reason for this observed difference. We also discuss the role of bias in machine learning and its importance in explaining performance differences observed on specific problems.
In Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-96), pp. 82-91, Philadelphia, PA 1996.

Raymond J. Mooney Faculty mooney [at] cs utexas edu