Kit D, Katz L, Sullivan B, Snyder K, Ballard D, et al. (2014) Eye Movements, Visual Search and Scene Memory, in an Immersive Virtual Environment. PLoS ONE 9(4), e94362. PDF

Hayhoe, M. & Ballard, D. (2014) Modeling task control of eye movements. Current Biology, 24(13), R622-R628. PDF


Diaz, G., Cooper, J., Kit, D., & Hayhoe, M. (2013) Real-time recording and classification of eye movements in an immersive virtual environment. Journal of Vision, 13(12), 5. PDF

Diaz, G., Cooper, J., & Hayhoe, M. (2013) Memory and prediction in natural gaze control. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 368(1628), 20130064. PDF

Johnson, L, Rothkopf, C, Ballard D & Hayhoe M. (2013) Predicting human visuo-motor behavior in a driving task. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 369(1636), 20130044. PDF

Diaz, G, Cooper, J, Rothkopf, C, & Hayhoe, M. (2013) Saccades to future ball location reveal memory-based prediction in a natural interception task. Journal of Vision, 13(1), 20. PDF

Delerue, C., Hayhoe, M, & Boucart, M. (2013) Eye movements during natural actions in patients with schizophrenia J Psychiatry Neurosci, 38(5), 317-24. PDF

Rothkopf, C. A., & Ballard, D. H. (2013). Modular inverse reinforcement learning for visuomotor behavior. Biological cybernetics, 107(4), 477-490. PDF

Ballard, D. H., Kit, D., Rothkopf, C. A., & Sullivan, B. (2013). A hierarchical modular architecture for embodied cognition. Multisensory research, 26(1-2), 177-204. PDF


Sullivan, B.T., Johnson, L., Rothkopf, C., Ballard, D. & Hayhoe, M.H. (2012) The role of uncertainty and reward on eye movements in a virtual driving task. Journal of Vision, 2(13), 19. PDF

Ballard, D. H., & Jehee, J. (2012). Dynamic coding of signed quantities in cortical feedback circuits. Frontiers in psychology, 3. PDF


Hayhoe, M.H., McKinney, T., Chajka, K. & Pelz, J.B. (2011) Predictive eye movements in natural vision. Experimental Brain Research, 217(1), 125-136. PDF

Iorizzo, D.B., Riley, M.E., Hayhoe, M., & Huxlin, K.R. (2011). Differential impact of partial cortical blindness on gaze strategies when sitting and walking - An immersive virtual reality study. Vision Research, 51, pp. 1173-1184. PDF

Tatler, B. W., Hayhoe, M., Land, M. F., & Ballard, D. (2011). Eye guidance in natural vision: Reinterpreting salience. Journal of Vision, 11(5), pp. 1-23. PDF

McCann, B., Hayhoe, M. & Geisler, W.S. (2011) Decoding natural signals from peripheral retina. Journal of Vision, 11(10):19, 1-11. PDF

Ballard, D. H., & Jehee, J. F. (2011). Dual roles for spike signaling in cortical neural populations. Front. Comput. Neurosci, 5(22.10), 3389. PDF


Hayhoe, M & Rothkopf, C. (2010) Vision in the natural world. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 2(2) 158-166. PDF

Hamid, S. N., Stankiewicz, B., & Hayhoe, M. (2010). Gaze patterns in navigation: Encoding information in large-scale environments. Journal of Vision, 10(12), pp. 1-11. PDF

Rothkopf, C. A., & Ballard, D. H. (2010). Credit assignment in multiple goal embodied visuomotor behavior. Embodied and grounded cognition, 217. PDF


Hayhoe, M. & Droll, J. (2009) Seeing what we can do: Insights into vision and action through observations of natural behaviors. In P. Calvo & G. Gomila (Eds.), Handbook of Embodied Cognitive Science. Elsevier.

Hayhoe, M. (2009) Visual Memory in Motor Planning and Action. In J. Brockmole (Ed.), Memory for the Visual World (pp.117-139). Psychology Press. PDF

Huxlin, K., Martin, T., Kelly, K., Riley, M., Friedman, D. & Burgin, W. & Hayhoe, M. (2009, September) Perceptual re-learning of complex visual motion after V1 damage in humansJ Neurosci, 29(13) 3981-3991. PDF

Hayhoe, M. & Ballard, D. (2009) Modeling the role of task in the control of gaze. Visual Cognition, 17(6-7), pp. 1185-1204. PDF

Joyanceyic, J. & Hayhoe, M.(2009) Adaptive gaze control in natural environments. J Neurosci, 29(19), 6234-6238. PDF

Yi, W., & Ballard, D. H. (2009). Recognizing behavior in hand-eye coordination patterns. International Journal of Humanoid Robotics, 6(03), 337-359. PDF

Ballard, D. H., & Hayhoe, M. M. (2009). Modelling the role of task in the control of gaze. Visual cognition, 17(6-7), 1185-1204.

Rothkopf, C. A., & Ballard, D. H. (2009). Image statistics at the point of gaze during human navigation. Vis Neurosci, 26(1), 81-92.

Jehee, J. F., & Ballard, D. H. (2009). Predictive feedback can account for biphasic responses in the lateral geniculate nucleus. PLoS Comput Biol, 5(5), e1000373. PDF


Hayhoe, M.H., Gillam, B., Chajka, K. & Vecellio, E. (2008) The role of binocular vision in walking. Visual Neuroscience 26(1):73-80. PDF

Droll, J.A.,  Gigone, K. & Hayhoe, M. (2008) Learning where to direct gaze during change detection. Journal of Vision, 7(14):6, 1-12. PDF

Sullivan, B., Jovancevic-Misic, J., Hayhoe, M. & Sterns, G. (2008) Use of multiple preferred retinal loci in Stargardt's disease during natural tasks: a case study*. Ophthalmic & Phys Optics, 28, 168-177. PDF


Hayhoe, M., Droll, J. & Mennie, N. (2007) Learning where to look. In R. Van Gompel, M. Fischer, W. Murray & R. Hill (Eds.), Eye movements: A window on mind and brain (pp.641-660). Oxford: Elsevier. PDF

Hayhoe, M. & Droll, J. (2007) Deciding when to remember and when to forget: Trade-offs between working memory and gaze. JEP-HPP, 33(6), 1352-1365.

Karacan, H. & Hayhoe, M. (2007) Is attention drawn to changes in familiar scences?. Visual Cognition, 16(2), 346-374. PDF

Rothkopf, C., Ballard, D., & Hayhoe, M. (2007) Task and context determine where you look. Journal of Vision, 7(14):16, 1-20. PDF

Martin, T., Riley, M., Kelly, K., Hayhoe, M. & Huxlin, K. (2007) Visually-guided behavior of homonymous hemianopes in a naturalistic task. Vision Research, 47, 3434-3446. PDF

Droll, J. & Hayhoe, M. (2007) Trade-offs between gaze and working memory use. Journal of Experimental Psychology:Human Perception and Performance, 33(6), 1352-1365. PDF

Sprague, N., Ballard, D., & Robinson, A. (2007). Modeling embodied visual behaviors. ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP), 4(2), 11. PDF


Hayhoe, M. (2006) Integrating information across saccadic eye movements. In M. Peterson, B. Gillam & H. Sedgwick (Eds.), In the Mind's Eye: Julian Hochberg on the Perception of Pictures, Film, and the World. NY: Oxford University Press, 448-453. PDF

Jovanevic, J., Sullivan, B., Hayhoe, M. (2006) Control of attention and gaze in complex environments. Journal of Vision, 6, 1431-1450. PDF

Mennie, N., Hayhoe, M., & Sullivan, B. (2006) Look-ahead fixations: anticipatory eye movements in natural tasks. Experimental Brain Research, 179, 427-442. PDF

Gu, X., & Ballard, D. H. (2006, August). An Equilibrium Point based Model Unifying Movement Control in Humanoids. In Robotics: science and systems. PDF


Hayhoe, M. & Ballard, D. (2005) Eye movements in natural behavior. Trends in Cognitive Science, 9, 188-194. PDF

Droll, J., Hayhoe, M., Triesch, J. & Sullivan, B. (2005) Task demands control acquisition and storage of visual information. J. Experimental Psychology, 31, 1416-1438. PDF

Hayhoe, M., Mennie, N., Sullivan, B. & Gorgos, K. (2005) The role of internal models and prediction in catching balls. Proceedings of AAAI Fall Symposium Series, Fall 2005. PDF

Aivar, M.P., Hayhoe, M.M., Chizk, C.L. & Mruczek, R.E.B. (2005) Spatial memory and saccadic targeting in a natural task. Journal of Vision, 5, 177-193. PDF


Hayhoe, M. (2004) Advances in relating eye movements and cognition. Infancy 6, 267-274. PDF

Yu, C., & Ballard, D. H. (2004). A multimodal learning interface for grounding spoken language in sensory perceptions. ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP), 1(1), 57-80. PDF


Hayhoe, M., Shrivastrava, A., Myruczek, R. & Pelz, J. (2003) Visual memory and motor planning in a natural task. Journal of Vision, 3, 49-63. PDF Video

Triesch, J., Ballard, D., Hayhoe, M. & Sullivan, B. (2003) What you see is what you need. Journal of Vision, 3, 86-94. PDF

Shimozaki, S., Hayhoe, M., Zelinsky, G., Weinstein, A., Merigan, W. & Ballard, D. (2003) Effect of parietal lobe lesions on saccade targeting and spatial memory in a naturalistic visual search task. Neuropsychologia, 41, 1365-1386. PDF

Shimozaki, S. S., Hayhoe, M. M., Zelinsky, G. J., Weinstein, A., Merigan, W. H., & Ballard, D. H. (2003). Effect of parietal lobe lesions on saccade targeting and spatial memory in a naturalistic visual search task. Neuropsychologia, 41(10), 1365-1386.


Rao, R., Zelinsky, G., Hayhoe, M. & Ballard, D. (2002) Eye movements in iconic visual search. Vision Research, 42, 1447-1463. PDF

Hayhoe, M., Ballard, D., Triesch, J. & Shinoda, H., Aivar, P., Sullivan, B. (2002) Vision in natural and virtual environments. Proceedings, Eye Tracking Research & Applications, 7-13. PDF

Hayhoe, M., Triesch, J., Sullivan, B. & Ballard, D. (2002) Saccade contingent scene changes in unconstrained virtual reality. Proceedings, Eye Tracking Research & Application, 95-102.

Hayhoe, M. (2002) Visual short term memory and motor control. The Brain's Eyes: Neurobiological and Clinical Aspects of Oculomotor Research. In J. Hyona, D. Munoz, W. Heide & R. Radach (Eds.), Progress in Brain Research (pp.349-363). Elsevier.

Triesch, J., Ballard, D. H., & Jacobs, R. A. (2002). Fast temporal dynamics of visual cue integration. Perception, 31(4), 421-434. PDF

Zhang, Z., & Ballard, D. H. (2002). Distributed synchrony. Neurocomputing, 44, 715-720.


Pelz, J., Hayhoe, M. & Loeber, R. (2001) The coordination of eye, head, and hand movements in a natural task. Experimental Brain Research, 139, 266-277. PDF

Land, M. & Hayhoe, M. (2001) In what ways do eye movements contribute to everday activities?. Vision Research, 41, 3559-3566. PDF

Shinoda, H., Hayhoe, M. & Shrivastava, A. (2001) What controls attention in natural environments? Vision Research, 41, 3535-3546. PDF


Hayhoe, M. (2000) Vision using routines: a functional account of vision. Visual Cognition, 7, 43-64. PDF

Karn, K. & Hayhoe, M. (2000) Memory representations guide targeting eye movements in a natural task. Visual Cognition, 7(6), 673-704. PDF


Rao, R. P., & Ballard, D. H. (1999). Predictive coding in the visual cortex: a functional interpretation of some extra-classical receptive-field effects. Nature neuroscience, 2(1), 79-87. PDF


Hayhoe, M., Bensinger, D. & Ballard, D. (1998) Task constraints in visual working memory. Vision Research, 38, 125-137. PDF

de Sa, V. R., & Ballard, D. H. (1998). Category learning through multimodality sensing. Neural Computation, 10(5), 1097-1117. PDF


Karn, K. & Moeller, P.  & Hayhoe, M. (1997) Reference Frames in Saccade Targeting. Exp Brain Research, 115, 267-282. PDF

Ballard, D., Hayhoe, M., Pook, P. & Rao, R. (1997) Deictic codes for the embodiment of cognition. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 20, 723-767. PDF

Hayhoe, M., Zelinsky, G., Rao, R. & Ballard, D. (1997) Eye movements reveal the spatio-temporal dynamics of visual search. Psychological Science, 8, 448-453.


Hayhoe, M., Rao, R., Zelinsky, G. & Ballard, D. (1996) Modelling Saccade Targeting in visual search. In D. Touretzky, M. Mozer & M. Hasselmo (Eds.), Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (pp.830-836). Cambridge: MIT Press.

Hayhoe, M., Smeets, J. & Ballard, D. (1996) Influence of hand movements on eye-head coordination. Experimental Brain Res., 109, 434-440.


Pelz, J. & Hayhoe, M. (1995) Influence of the visual scene in visual direction constancy. Vision Res., 35, 2267-2275.

Ballard, D., Hayhoe, M. & Pelz, J. (1995) Memory representations in natural tasks. Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 66-80. PDF

Lachter, J. & Hayhoe, M. (1995) Capacity limitations in memory for visual locations. Perception, 24, 1427-1441.


Hayhoe, M., Lachter, J. & Feldman, J. (1991) Integration of form across saccadic eye movements. Perception, 20, 393-402. PDF

Ballard, D. H. (1991). Animate vision. Artificial intelligence, 48(1), 57-86.

Swain, M. J., & Ballard, D. H. (1991). Color indexing. International journal of computer vision, 7(1), 11-32. PDF


Ballard, D. H., Hinton, G. E., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1983). Parallel visual computation. Nature, 306(5938), 21-26.


Ballard, D. H. (1981). Strip trees: a hierarchical representation for curves. Communications of the ACM, 24(5), 310-321. PDF

Ballard, D. H. (1981). Generalizing the Hough transform to detect arbitrary shapes. Pattern recognition, 13(2), 111-122. PDF